Periodontics is a broad term that encompasses a wide range of treatments and procedures related to periodontal, or gum, health. If a general dentist has diagnosed gum disease, they will recommend the proper treatment to restore the patient's gum health.
Common periodontics procedures
Periodontal therapy may not always include surgery. For example, periodontic treatments like scaling and root planing and thorough cleanings are required in the early stages of gum disease to remove as much plaque and tartar from the periodontal pockets as possible. This also helps to remove the buildup caused by bacteria by smoothing the tooth roots. Adjunctive therapy, such as antibiotics or antimicrobials, is the next stage in treatment. The following are the periodontic treatments and procedures typically available from a general dentist:
Root planing and scaling
This procedure involves a thorough cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar. Bacterial toxins are also eliminated by scaling and root planing. Adjunctive treatment, such as systemic antibiotics, is occasionally used. However, most dentists believe that many patients would not need further treatment after scaling and root planing. Continuing maintenance therapy can help to maintain oral health.
Tray delivery systems in periodontics
Nowadays, a dentist can take imprints of the patient's mouth to create a tray delivery system. The imprints enable the fabrication of a personalized tray that the patient may use at home to administer medication as directed by the dentist. These periodontics trays are comparable to the fluoride trays used by dentists to prevent tooth decay. These medication delivery methods are thought to be a good complement to non-surgical periodontal treatment.
Soft tissue grafting
This periodontal procedure is necessary if the patient has experienced significant gum recession. The procedure requires the use of gum tissue outside the treatment region. The exposed root is covered with gum tissue obtained from the palate or another source. Soft tissue grafting may be used to level out the gum line and reduce sensitivity on one or more teeth.
Regeneration is a periodontal procedure that entails folding back the gum tissue to remove bacteria from the pockets. To stimulate the body's natural capacity to repair bone and tissue, anything from membranes to tissue-stimulating substances to bone transplants may be used.
This periodontal procedure, also known as gingival sculpting or crown lengthening, removes excess tissue under local anesthetic. In most cases, the gums will recover in approximately a week. The removal of excess gum and bone tissue reveals the original tooth. When used on a single tooth, this periodontics treatment also evens out the gum line. For patients with gummy smiles, the procedure can help improve the smile's appearance.
Your gum health is essential
If you have noticed signs of gum disease, it is advisable to visit a general dentist as soon as possible. The periodontics procedures available today can help stop the progression of the disease and reverse damage to the gum tissue.
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